Personal injury law, also known as tort law, refers to the legal remedies and defenses involved in civil lawsuits brought on as a result of wrongful conduct. In fact, the word “tort” comes from a Latin term meaning twist, wrong, or harm. In contrast to criminal law, a tort action does not involve the government prosecuting the wrongdoer. Rather, these cases involve a private plaintiff seeking compensation (usually monetary) for the harm caused by the defendant’s actions.
Most personal injury cases are based on the doctrine of negligence. In essence, the law regarding negligence requires every member of society to act responsibly and avoid putting others at risk. That is not to say that negligence will result each time someone gets hurt. The law recognizes that some accidents are unavoidable. To establish liability, the plaintiff must
show that a reasonably prudent person in the defendant’s position would have acted differently under the circumstances.
Examples of negligence include; car accidents caused by drunk drivers, medical complications resulting from a physician’s carelessness, and dog bites that occur when vicious animals are permitted to roam free. In each instance, the responsible party ignored the risk posed to others, and as a result, someone was injured.
- Motor Vehicle Accidents
- Slip and Fall Accidents
- Dog Bite Injuries
- Product Liability